Silk proteins are extracted from the double thread produced by the silkworm. The rearing of silkworms, sericulture, was already known in China in 3000 a.C. The silk clothes reserved for Chinese emperors became part of the wardrobe of the richest social class. Silk proteins are moisturising because they contain sericin, able to bind water molecules. Sericin, the main protein, has also marked smoothing and moisturising properties and gives hair great softness and silkiness.
Guar gum is derived from the grinding of seeds from guar, a herbaceous plant of the Leguminaceae family typical of India and Pakistan, used locally for eating for centuries Guar gum has hair moisturising and softening properties.
Flax is the oldest plant fibre existing in the world: it was born at least 7000 years ago in Mesopotamia. It is derived from a plant, Linum Usitatissimum, which grows between April and May and flowers between June and July. Flax seeds are a natural source of Omega-3 fatty acids, which nourish and moisturise hair, making it more elastic.
Vitamin E or tocopherol is an essential vitamin nutrient, vital for man, present in many plants, for example in fruit, cereals and especially in wheat germ oil. Vitamin E is a fat-soluble antioxidant that can accumulate between fats and block the formation of free radicals.